You might spend years in college and tens of thousands of dollars preparing for a career. Or you may start a job out of high school, and work your way up to a managerial position. Instead, perhaps you take an entrepreneurial route dedicating incredible amounts of time, energy, and money building a business.
Few could question how hard you work to be successful, no matter the career path you’ve taken. But regardless of how you started or where you are in your career, you have something in common with everyone else who works for an income each day — the possibility of facing job burnout.
What is job burnout and what should you do if you or someone you know has it? Read on below as it’s an important topic. Job-related burnout can have lasting effects on anyone who suffers from it as well as those around them.
How is Job Burnout Defined?
Job burnout isn’t something you get after a couple of horrible days at work. It’s much more complicated.
According to David Ballard, co-editor of The Psychologically Healthy Workplace: Building a Win-Win Environment For Organizations and Employees, job burnout is “an extended period of time where the demands being placed on you exceed the resources you have available to deal with the stressors.”
Many face critical job assignments and struggle with pressure-filled weeks at work. But they find ways to deal with the anxiety, tension, and fatigue, enabling recovery from those problematic work situations.
Job burnout comes on over time. It develops when an employee or entrepreneur has persistent work-related stress without the ability to manage it.
Job Burnout: A Serious Problem for Everyone
The American Psychological Association (APA) conducts an annual survey on stress and consistently finds two of the top stressors in people’s lives are work and money.
A 2018 Gallup survey supports those findings and reports almost 1 in 4 of the 7,500 full-time employees responding to the survey felt burned out at work all or most of the time. Another 40% of them feel burned out at least some of the time.
When stress becomes chronic and results in job burnout, it’s not just the employee suffering.
Job burnout costs American companies an estimated $300 billion a year in health care costs, employee absenteeism, and poor job performance – affecting coworkers and customers.
Workplace burnout is a serious problem in need of attention for everyone’s benefit – those going to work each day, their coworkers and the company they work for, and even those in their home lives.
Symptoms of Job Burnout
People with job burnout end up suffering from a variety of mental, emotional, and physical challenges. As exhaustion takes hold, one becomes more distracted and less interested in their work.
They may forget important details, be slow to process information, and fail to complete projects. Those suffering from burnout may receive diagnoses of anxiety and/or depression, both serious mental health conditions.
Burned out employees may become quiet and irritable. They may also distance themselves from even their closest peers. When they do make comments at work, much of what they say is negative.
They may talk about being ineffective or even embarrassed about the quality of their work. A once supportive and team-oriented employee begins to show a lack of trust in their supervisor and the mission, vision, and goals of the employer.
Even though they are emotionally and physically exhausted, burned out employees rarely sleep well, suffering from insomnia or disrupted sleep. This leads to deficient energy levels and even weakened immune systems for some.
The use of sleeping pills begins for some while others attempt to deal with burnout by drinking alcohol more often. Some may turn to using even more harmful substances in search of relief. All of which can lack results and cause severe addictions.
Those with job burnout often lack the energy to exercise regularly and make consistently healthy choices.
Considering all these symptoms, it’s not surprising there’s a reduction in productivity and attitude at work when one suffers from job burnout.
Causes of Job Burnout
Some reasons for job burnout are apparent. Being forced to work over-time week after week with difficult colleagues and unsupportive leaders creates on-going stress.
Add in long commutes, short deadlines, and expectations of answering work email at home, and it seems work never ends.
Eventually, worn-out employees quit caring. They may want to give up or change jobs – even career fields.
A not-so-obvious cause of burnout is being bored by your work. When you work for months or even years without challenges, learning new things, or taking on greater responsibility, you can also disengage from your job.
Employees who dislike their jobs or career choice may burn out at higher rates than those who are generally happy but extremely overworked.
Finding a balance between work, home, and family life adds even more stress to those who are unhappy and already stressed out by work. And those with children or responsibility of care for aging parents (or both) may find themselves burning out even faster because of the demands at home too.
Personality types may also be a factor in job burnout.
Some people can “let things go” or create better work-life boundaries. But, if you’re a “Type-A” personality so driven to advance and succeed you’ll do whatever someone asks of you (and more) – you may find yourself burning out a lot sooner, and more often than you think.
The Dangers Of Ignoring Job Burnout
It’s easy to ignore the early signs of job burnout because they are considered normal by most people. When things get tough at work, we vent our frustrations to our colleagues, friends, or family.
Weekends are spent catching up on sleep, spending time with others, and finishing things you didn’t get done at work during the week.
Gym workouts are skipped (even though you know they reduce stress) and you stop more often for take-out. Happy hour is on your mind before lunch many days. And you make sure you never run out of your favorite beer or wine at home.
You know many of the decisions you are making aren’t good for your health – or your wallet, but it’s what you need to do to deal with the stress from work.
Other serious health issues including anxiety, depression, heart disease, diabetes, high cholesterol, and gastrointestinal problems are common in people burned out from work.
Treating these illnesses costs money and time – creating even more stress.
When one doesn’t address burnout adequately, substance abuse, addiction, and even suicide may result. Job burnout can also have severe negative impacts on relationships over time resulting in domestic violence and divorce.
Ignoring job burnout is a mistake – whether you’re the person suffering from it or you know someone else struggling at work.
As difficult as it might be to take the time, energy, and money needed to deal with chronic workplace stress, addressing job burnout is vital to you, your family, and your future.
Steps You Can Take to Deal with Job Burnout
Knowing the symptoms of workplace stress and burnout and understanding the dangers of ignoring them is enough for many to take action.
Talking to a supervisor about work concerns, taking an extended vacation, or even finding another job may solve burnout for some. Others need more support and should consider a variety of options in addressing their job burnout.
- Are you feeling utterly hopeless about your work situation? Get professional help immediately. Call your doctor and if you are in crisis, dial 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or text HOME to 741741 within the US or 686868 Canada, anytime.
- If you are questioning whether you’re suffering burnout, make an appointment with your physician to discuss your concerns. Your employer may provide an Employee Assistance Program (EAP) you can get support through by setting up a confidential appointment with a professional.
- Discuss your concerns with your supervisor and make a plan to cut back on hours or get the training or assistance you need to reduce work-related stress to manageable levels. If you’re self-employed, take time to seriously consider where you can cut back or hire help to address your job burnout.
- If you have vacation time built up at work, take some time off. You don’t need to travel when you are already feeling burned out. A week spent at home relaxing and taking care of yourself can help combat chronic stress.
- Talk to your family and friends and ask for their support. This may be a real challenge for those of you who always tend to have your “act together,” but your support system matters as you deal with burnout.
- Focus on putting your health first. It’s hard to be a good employee, partner, parent, child, or friend – if you have job burnout. Putting yourself first will allow you to get back to the person who can then support others.
- Create home-work boundaries and stick to them. Instead of staying late every day, pick one night a week as your “late night” and see if that helps. If you feel the need to check work email when at home, set a time limit. After 15 minutes, close your email and don’t open it again until you get to work the following day.
- For those working “side hustles” to bring in extra money, stop and consider if you absolutely need that money to survive at this point. You may partially resolve job burnout by cutting back side gigs and putting the time back into your health.
- Drop your social media habit and go back to a hobby you love. Scrolling through social media may create even more anxiety about what everyone else is doing with their lives. If you used to read a book a week, put your phone away and pick up a novel. Take social media apps off your phone to help resist the temptation to check-in.
- Make sleep a priority. As much as you think you can “get by” on a few hours of sleep, you can’t go that way for long and be productive at work or home. Chronic sleep deprivation isn’t just bad for you or your employer. It can be a safety issue for others – especially when you get behind the wheel.
Before You Consider Changing Jobs or Careers
After realizing they suffer from job burnout, some people look at changing jobs or even career fields as a solution.
Before you give up your paycheck, try to determine what you would need to reduce stress enough to make things manageable. If you’re part of a toxic team, could moving to a different team solve some of the problems?
Also, consider your role in your stress at work. Is your supervisor happy with your work but you continue striving to over-achieve?
Do you stay late at work because you’re assigned too many tasks or projects? Or is it because you struggle to focus throughout the day?
Switching jobs won’t solve all your problems – and it may even create additional new stressors.
There will be times when changing paths is the only solution, though.
If your values don’t align with your current company’s or if you can’t see a way to create change in your work environment you may need to part ways. Try a much-needed vacation or even a sabbatical first if possible.
Should you not feel differently after time away, then making a job or career change may make sense.
Final Thoughts on Job Burnout
Understanding the symptoms of job burnout are critical for all of us. While you might not be suffering from it now, chances are high you may someday. Or someone you know is or will.
Taking action to resolve it as soon as possible is critical as the ongoing effects of burnout are dangerous. Get yourself help or urge someone else who needs it to take that first step.
Evaluate the amount of pressure brought on by your job and how the stress affects you.
Find ways to reduce workplace stress before it impacts your life and those around you further. It won’t disappear without you taking control and making some positive changes in your life.
Finally, as hard as it may seem, being disciplined and managing your finances to build a secure financial house – ultimately reaching financial independence – may bring you financial stress relief. Then you’ll likely no longer feel so chained to your job – reducing the impact of work-related stress and chances for burnout.